Merrill/Merrell DNA Genealogy
(all haplotypes, all families)
Deane Merrill, Asheville NC
This document includes all known results of Y-chromosome STR (single tandem repeat) DNA tests, for males of surname Merrill or Merrell.
There are about 15 human Y-DNA haplogroups. These are subpopulations having specific genetic mutations that occurred up to 60,000 years ago. Broad prehistoric migrations have been traced by determining the prevalence of individual haplogroups in specific geographic regions. See Y-DNA Haplogroup Descriptions.
Two major haplogroups, R1b and G, are associated with the Merrill/Merrell surname. As of March 2011, 100 Merrill/Merrells have had Y-chromosome DNA tests. Of those, 63 are of haplogroup R1B and 35 are G. One is of haplogroup J2 and one is T.
R1b Haplogroup (March 2011)
The R1b haplogroup arose in Europe about 25,000 years ago. It is the most common haplogroup in European populations.
Among the 63 tested R1b Merrill/Merrells, the largest subgroup, having 27 persons, is associated with Richard (1) Merrill 1642 and William (1) Merrill 1652, of Staten Island, New York. 18 of the 27 testees are believed to descend from William(1), and the other 9 from Richard(1). The 18 William(1) descendants include descendants of the famous Capt. Benjamin (3) Merrill 1731 of North Carolina.
The relationship between Richard(1) and William(1) is not known. They could have been brothers, or first cousins, or even second cousins. Despite this uncertainty, a DNA test can determine whether a person is a Richard(1) or a William(1) descendant.
In addition to the Staten Island group 0f 27 persons, other R1b subgroups, each having several related members but unrelated to the other subgroups, have been observed. These include descendants or close relatives of:
Stephen Merrill ca.1832 of New Brunswick, Canada (2 persons);
Thomas Merrill ca.1683 of Saybrook, Connecticut (4 persons);
William Merrill ca.1668 of Somerset County, Maryland (6 persons);
William Merrill ca.1828 of Wirt County, West Virginia (2 persons).
Thomas Hazen Merrill ca.1781 of Nova Scotia, Canada (6 persons).
Finally, 16 other R1b Merrill/Merrells, whom we call "unassigned" have been tested. They are not known to be related to other Merrill/Merrells apart from close family members.
G Haplogroup (March 2011)
Of the 100 Merrills (or Merrells) who so far have had Y-DNA tests, 35 are of haplogroup G. The G haplogroup arose in the Middle East about 20,000 years ago. Today it occurs most frequently (up to 70%) in the Caucasus region. It is relatively rare (less than a few percent) in Western Europe.
Among the 35 Haplogroup G Merrill/Merrells who have been tested, there are four whose DNA does not closely match the others.
The others, 31 Merrill/Merrells residing the US, have nearly identical DNA, proving their descent from a recent common ancestor. Twenty-five of the 31 have well-documented "paper trails" proving their descent from Nathaniel (1) Merrill 1601-1655 of Wherstead, Suffolk, England and Newbury, Massachusetts. See the Nathaniel Merrill pedigree chart. Also see the Merrill Memorial, and Steve Merrill's and Jack Merrill's and Deane Merrill's web sites.
The assignment of Nathaniel Merrill to Haplogroup G is based on SNP measurements of one of his descendants.
In addition to haplogroup R1b with 63 members and haplogroup G with 35 members, two other haplogroups (J2 and T) have been observed, with one member each. In all 100 Merrill/Merrells have been tested.
Merrill/Merrell DNA Project Results (all haplotypes)
Y-DNA Markers for surnames Merrill/Merrell (all haplotypes)
Results from dna.ancestry.com
current version (6/1/09)
older version (11/23/08)
back to Y-Chromosome DNA for Genealogy
back to Merrill/Merrell Genealogy (all families)
External Links, G Haplogroup Y-DNA Genealogy
Haplogroup G (Y-DNA), Wikipedia
G Haplogroup Web site, Whit Athey
Theories and Information on G Haplogroup, Ray Banks
Haplogroup G SNP Project, Dennis Garvey
External Links, Merrill Y-DNA Genealogy
DNA and Genealogy, Dave Merrell (TX)
Merrill Genealogy, Steve Merrill's web site
External Links, Relatives of Nathaniel(1) Merrill b.1601 (Haplogroup G)
Samuel Merrill's "A Merrill Memorial" , transcribed by Jack Merrill
Merrill ancestry of Deane Merrill, Rootsweb WorldConnect
External Links, other Merrills (Haplogroup R1b)
Bob Davidson's Research: Richard and William Merrill, Pat Patterson